Use of water in textile production reduced by 90%: ABIT
The use of water in textile production has reduced by 90% in
the last decade due to use of modern technologies, according to
a research by Brazilian Association of Textile and Clothing
Since the 2000s, the use of water in textile production has
decreased by 90%, i.e. if 100 litres of water was required to
produce 1 kg of fabric earlier, it now needs only 10 litres of
water, ABIT said in a statement.
The water discharged from the textile industry now undergoes
modern wastewater treatments and then is re-used elsewhere in
the factory, and is returned much cleaner to the atmosphere.
In the textile and clothing industry, the costs of water and
electricity are very relevant. Hence, the industry has to adapt
new production processes, and address economic and environmental
issues. Industries which do not adapt these processes eventually
break, said Rafael Cervone, President of ABIT.
In order to make sustainability a business strategy for
textile firms, ABIT has developed a certification, which
demonstrates the compliance of the product to ethically,
socially and environmentally sustainable way of production.
At present, the main available technologies for reducing use
of water in the textile industry are dry clean, wastewater
treatment, and treatment system of tributaries.
Dry cleaning process has become a benchmark in the global
textile chemical industry. The process consists of dyeing
cellulosic fibres with reactive dyes, which recycles the water
baths and decreases the amount of salt and chemical feedstock’s
in the process without interfering with the quality of the final
In wastewater treatment, use of ultra-filtration membranes
allow increased capacity for water reuse and efficiency in
treating wastewater, along with a significant reduction in