New five-year textile plan
China has been trying to get more apparel factories and
textile mills to move away from the coastal region, where there
is a labour shortage, and move inland. This has been going on
for the past three years, but the Chinese government recently
released a five-year, 40-page plan for its textile industry that
puts those goals into writing.
The country would like to see more textile factories, now
located predominantly in the eastern coastal region of the
country, move closer to Xinjiang province in the west, where
much of China’s cotton is grown. Apparel factories would be set
up in inland provinces with lower costs and abundant labour.
China wants the textile industry, during the five-year
period, to upgrade in eight areas, including technological
innovation, the industrialization of advanced technologies,
branding development, sustainable development, the planning of
industrial parks, adjustment of the industry structure, mergers
and acquisitions, and talent management.
In addition, China will seek more innovations in the fields
of high-performance fiber materials such as carbon fiber, and in
the research and development of fibers made of renewable
The five-year plan calls for the development by 2015 of 5 to
10 internationally recognized Chinese brands that could be sold
overseas and the development of at least 100 national brands for
Apparel makers should be trained in brand management and
development to compete with Western countries that, for decades,
have been adept at launching and building international brands.
The plan acknowledges that China has a lot of competition now
for U.S. and European markets. India has been making great
strides in apparel production, as have countries in Southeast